A Quick Guide to Writing an Argumentative Essay

Guide to Writing an Argumentative Essay


To be effective, an argumentative essay must contain features in order to help persuade the audience to see things from your perspective. These components include a persuasive topic, a balanced assessment, persuasive language, and strong evidence.

First and foremost, you have to familiarize yourself with the format of an argument essay and its purpose. These types of essays are aimed to investigate a certain topic or issue. You have to conduct research and gather as much data as possible in order to make sure that you consider all important details and provide your audience with various points of view on this subject. At the same time, you have to persuade your readers to accept your point of view.You have to dig deep into this issue. You have to direct your readers through all the details of the specific issues and get them to the logical, simple and clear conclusions. To make it crystal clear, you must understand all the points and persuade the readers to accept your point.

What is an argumentative essay?

An argumentative essay is an essay in which the author researches any debatable topic, takes a standpoint, and attempts to persuade the audience to agree with their points based on the evidence and facts that they have uncovered. This type of essay is carefully planned, so it takes several days of researching, drafting, writing and proofreading before the final version is ready to hand out. The argumentative essay is usually longer than other types of essay. And are more detailed and better-researched versions of the expository essay. On the other hand, expository essays also attempt to persuade the audience, but they are typically much shorter and based on limited research. For instance, in college courses, essay exams, questions or standardized tests are expository essays. The reason behind it is simple that the students have limited time to take the test, and expository essays are often based on personal experience and evidence provided can remember offhand versus an organized research effort by students.

Select the topic:

Your topic must fit with the format of the paper. Given that the argumentative essay involves argument in support of a certain view, your topic must be arguable. You should not choose any issues that have clear solutions and don’t imply any alternative views. For instance, if you are writing on the intake of vitamins and their impact on human health, you unlikely will find arguments against vitamin.

Your topic must be interesting and engaging to you. At the same point, make sure that your topic is not popular because a good essay offers readers some new information. Don’t select a too rare subject, because you will have more problems with searching for information. You have to keep your audience in your mind because the audience determines the preferred arguments. There is a huge difference between talking to classmates or a professor. Estimate the background of your audience, make sure that you have provided them with all the essential facts so they could understand all the specific features of the topic. Another important aspect is that you may use different language when talking to different kinds of audience.

Consider the rhetorical situation of your essay. In other words, always remember the purpose of the essay, the audience, and the setting. Don’t forget your task does not only have to provide your readers with enough information but also you have to persuade them towards your point.

Research as much as possible

As you conduct research, be sure to read about your topic as well as an opposing point of view. You can’t make a good argument if you don’t have a knowledge or understanding of where the other side is coming from. This can make argumentative essays a little more labor-invest as compare to other types of essays.

You have to back up your opinion with strong data, but you also have to point out why the opposing argument doesn’t work. The more you make a good argument and back it up with strong research, the stronger your essay will be.

Gather all of your facts

Out of all the guidelines for writing an argumentative essay, researching as much as possible is more likely is the important part of writing an argumentative essay. So let’s expand it a little bit. What good is in an argumentative essay if there are no facts? You need facts to support your view on a controversial topic. These are known as supporting details. For more on how to gather them, check out how to gather supporting details on “write my essay”.

To avoid looking like an unprofessional, you need verifiable facts that will verify your argument. Without these facts, you risk looking unprepared and unprofessional. Offer statements that are made by world organization leaders or respected audience. Cite figures and statistics related to your topic. Share a small narrative that demonstrates how your topic has evolved over time.

Formulate an outline

As you research, it can be difficult for you to weigh the balance into your findings. This is where an outline come in. The outline will help you lay out your facts, choose the strongest features and map them out well. Establish three core sections of your essay that is introduction, body, conclusion and then set out subsections with bullet points. Once you have gathered and mapped out like this, then you will be able to move forward with writing your essay.

Write the essay

Once you have given yourself a strong and clear foundation of information, begin to craft your essay. Now it’s time to format your essay. If your essay isn’t formatted well then it will reduce the effectiveness of the essay’s potential sound argument you’re trying to make. An argumentative essay, like other types of essays should contain three parts that are an introduction, the body, and the conclusion. Let’s discuss each of them.

Argumentative essays open with an introduction same as others. The introduction provides an overview of the debatable topic from which the author is about to make an argument. The introduction should grab the attention of the readers and make them want to read it more. An author can use several strategies for the introduction. It also includes a scenario, providing surprising facts, or opening with a relevant quote. It is necessary that your essay introduction should explain the author’s stance. This is accomplished by providing a clear and concise thesis statement that will tell the audience the author’s position. Try to provide the thesis statement in the first paragraph because it gives the audience a solid background about what to expect as they read the rest of your content.


The body of the essay should have well-structured points that support the author’s argument. For instance, the author’s thesis is about that the universities should provide more financial assistance for needy students, their main arguments might include that the tuition has risen above the rate of inflation, that’s the reason the more students are working as well as going to school, and the increase of tuition fees place an unreasonable burden on student’s shoulders in the form of excessive student loans debt. Each of these arguments should be placed in this paragraph and developed the supporting evidence which the author has uncovered during their research.


Research is important as said above because it shows the credibility of work and helps to establish the author’s ethos. Credibility sources include newspapers, books, journal articles, and well-regarded internet sources such as a site that ends with .org, .gov or .edu. Students should avoid the overuse of sources that have a clear preference because these sources may not be seen as credible by the audience and they may not present accurate and well-balanced information. Moreover, students should be careful of using internet sources which are not from credible sources such as wikis and blogs they are authored by non-experts on the topic. These sources often contain false information which misleads the reader and damage the credibility of the author.


Towards the end of the argumentative essay, the author should include a paragraph that shows the opposition’s argument and then refuse it by using solid evidence. This section’s role is to address and then lay to rest any lasting doubts which audience still has in mind after reading the author’s argument. For instance, the argumentative essay that attempts to compel the audience that the gun control is a good idea and the counterargument shows the popular anti-gun argument control argument, like gun control, only aids to disarm law-abiding citizens while leaving guns in the hands of the criminals. Here the author presents this point by refuting it, perhaps citing the evidence from foreign countries with strict gun control laws incidence of crimes involving the use of guns.


For a well written argumentative essay, it is necessary to end it with strong, clear and concise conclusion that wraps up the essay and recaps the main points of the author’s argument, use the evidence that the author has found. Avoid restating your thesis statement, it should be an expanded summary that supports the main ideas and key pieces of evidence which the author has presented.

Tip of the day:

When writing an essay, consider the above guide to help craft the most poignant and rational argument for your readers. Avoid emotional language because it sounds irrational. Know the difference between an emotional point of view and logical conclusion. Don’t fabricate evidence or any material and don’t use untrustworthy sources of evidence and be sure to cite your sources.

Wrapping up

Having the above knowledge in mind in writing your essay will be a piece of cake. Indeed, as expected rules of grammar, punctuations, and language still apply and therefore your paper must be error-free. However, editing and proofreading your document is a necessary step. Read your essay as much as you can and fix all errors.


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